TRIGGER POINT THERAPY
A Trigger Point (TrP) is a hyperirritable spot, a palpable nodule in the taut bands of the skeletal muscles' fascia. Direct compression or muscle contraction can elicit a jump sign, local tenderness, local twitch response and referred pain which usually responds with a pain pattern distant from the spot.
Referred pain, also called reflective pain, is pain perceived at a location other than the site of the painful stimulus. Pain is reproducible and does not follow dermatomes, myotomes, or nerve roots. In other words it does not behave like pain from an impinged nerve. There is no specific joint swelling or neurological deficits. Pain from a myofascial TrP is a distinct, discrete and constant pattern or map of pain with no gender or racial differences able to reproduce symptoms.
Trigger Point Therapy can be a useful tool in relieving stubborn chronic musculo-skeletal pain and is often incorporated in Manual Therapy and massage appointments.