CONCUSSION TREATMENT

WAV PT SOUTH ORANGE COUNTY

CONCUSSIONS

Following brain injury, whether as a result of a sport incident, a car accident, trip and fall, or other event, concussion therapy is absolutely necessary to ensure that there is no lasting damage following the trauma. If you believe you have suffered a concussion, please contact us today or book an appointment  so we can do a thorough exam and get you on a recovery plan.

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Concussion:

A concussion is a subcategory of Traumatic Brain Injury. When you are looking through information , ‘mild traumatic brain injury’ and the term ‘concussion’ are often used interchangeably. The 2017 consensus statement on concussion in sport defines it as ‘a traumatic brain injury induced by biomechanical forces.  80-90% of concussions resolve within 7-10 days. If concussion lasts longer than 10 days other potential diagnoses should be reconsidered and the persons’ care managed by medical professionals. It should be noted that in some cases the duration of recovery may be prolonged, particularly in children and adolescents. 

The clinical presentation of a concussion can vary greatly, from significant changes in balance to less obvious changes such as sleep disturbances. Clinical, neurological, behavioural, physical, and/or cognitive symptoms may present. It is important to note that symptoms can appear instantly at the time of the incident, or some minutes or hours after the event.

The 2017 consensus statement lists the following signs and symptoms of a concussion:

Symptoms—somatic (eg, headache), cognitive (eg, feeling like in a fog) and/or emotional symptoms (eg, lability).

Physical signs (eg, loss of consciousness, LOC).  Although published findings in concussion describe LOC associated with specific, early cognitive deficits, it has not been noted as a measure of injury severity and amnesia); A variety of immediate motor phenomena (eg, tonic posturing) or convulsive movements may accompany a concussion. Although dramatic, these clinical features are generally benign and require no specific management beyond the standard treatment of the underlying concussive injury.

Balance impairment (eg, gait unsteadiness). A systematic review (2020) suggests a positive correlation between concussion injury and gait deviation in individuals who have suffered a concussion:

  • Behavioral changes (eg, irritability)

  • Cognitive impairment (eg, slowed reaction times)

  • Sleep/wake disturbance (eg, somnolence, drowsiness).

However, this list is not exhaustive and the following additional signs and symptoms have been cited elsewhere in the literature:

  • Chronic headaches,

  • Dizziness and vertigo

  • Difficulty concentrating

  • Word-finding problems

  • Depression

  • Impulsiveness

 The existence of only ONE of these symptoms is enough for a concussion to be suspected.

It is important to note, however, that these symptoms and signs also happen to be non-specific to concussion, so their presence simply prompts the inclusion of concussion in a differential diagnosis for further evaluation, but the symptom is not itself diagnostic of concussion.

Following brain injury, whether as a result of a sport incident, a car accident, trip and fall, or other event, concussion therapy is absolutely necessary to ensure that there is no lasting damage following the trauma. If you believe you have suffered a concussion, please Contact Us Today or book an appointment  so we can do a thorough exam and get you on a recovery plan.